HOME   CONTACT   CONVERTER   VIDEO   TECHNICAL 

 

Classic Bikes

Custom Bikes

Projects / Designs

Racing Bikes

 

AC Schnitzer

Adler

AJP

AJS

Alfer

Aprilia

Ariel

Arlen Ness

ATK

Bajaj

Bakker

Barigo

Benelli

Beta

Big Bear

BigDog

Bimota

BMS Choppers

BMW

Borile

Boss Hoss

Boxer

Brammo

Britten

BRP Can-am

BSA

Buell / EBR

Bultaco

Cagiva

Campagna

CCM

Confederate

CR&S

Daelim

Deus

Derbi

DP Customs

Drysdale

Ducati

Dunstall

Excelsior

Exile Cycles

Factory Bike

Fischer

Foggy Petronas

GASGAS

Ghezzi Brain

Gilera

Harris

Harley Davidson

HDT

Hesketh

Highland

Honda

Horex

HPN

Husqvarna

Husaberg

Hyosung

Indian

Italjet

Jawa

Junak

Kawasaki

KTM

KYMCO

Laverda

Lazareth

Lehman Trikes

LIFAN

Magni

Maico

Matchless

Matt Hotch

Megelli

Midual

Mission
Molot

Mondial

Moto Guzzi

Moto Morini

MotoCzysz

Motus

Mr Martini

MTT

Münch

MV Agusta

MZ

NCR

Norton

NSU

OCC

Paton

Paul Jr. Designs

Piaggio

Radical Ducati

Richman

Ridley

Roehr

Roland Sands

Royal Enfield

Rucker

Sachs

Saxon

Sherco

Suzuki

SYM

Titan

TM Racing

Triumph

Ural
Velocette
Vespa

Victory

Viper

Vincent

Vilner

VOR

Voxen

Vyrus

Wakan / Avinton

Walz

Wrenchmonkees

Wunderlich

Yamaha

Zero

   

Kawasaki ZX-R 750-L

 

 

 

 

Make Model

Kawasaki ZX-R 750-L

Year

1993

Engine

Four stroke, transverse four cylinder, DOHC, 4 valves per cylinder.

Capacity

749
Bore x Stroke 71 x  47.3 mm
Cooling System Liquid cooled
Compression Ratio 10.8:1
Lubrication Wet sump
Engine Oil 10W/40

Induction

4x 38 mm Keihin CVKD (Constant Velocity) carburettors / Ram Air System (single intake)

Ignition 

Digital 
Spark Plug NGK, CR9E
Starting Electric

Max Power

118 hp 86 kW @ 10500 rpm

Max Torque

7.51 kgf-m @ 9750 rpm
Clutch Wet, cable operated

Transmission

6 Speed  Slipper Clutch
Final Drive Chain
Frame Aluminium perimeter

Front Suspension

41mm Upside-down forks, adjustable ride height, 13-way rebound
Front Wheel Travel 120 mm / 4.7 in

Rear Suspension

Unit Track monoshock. adjustable ride height, preload, 4-way rebound
Rear Wheel Travel 135 mm / 5.1 in

Front Brakes

2x 320mm discs 4 piston calipers

Rear Brakes

Single 230mm disc 2 piston caliper

Front Tyre

120/70 ZR17

Rear Tyre

180/55ZR17 /Std Pressure 41psi
Rake 25°
Trail 99 mm / 4.0 in
Wheelbase 1430 mm / 55.9 in

Dry Weight

205 kg  / 451.9 lbs
Wet Weight 221.6 kg / 487.2 lbs

Fuel Capacity 

18 Litres

Consumption  average

16.3 km/lit

Braking 60 - 0 / 100 - 0

13.8 m / 38.1 m

Standing ¼ Mile  

10.7 sec / 207.2 km/h

Top Speed

258.1 km/h

 

Flawed genius? That's a widely-held view of the Kawasaki ZXR750. Who better then than ROB SMITH to give us all we need to know to purchase the bike..?

If you'd regularly found yourself by the side of a twisty mountain road in 1989, chances are that at some stage you'd have been blown away by the sight and sound of a howling lime green blur. Momentarily hovering low to the ground, rasping and shrieking away into the distance leaving your senses reeling with one question in your mind. "What the pharrrkWazat?

"Zat", was the Kawasaki ZXR750 H1.

Embodying outrageous ability with gorgeous styling, the ZXR is still a boss motorcycle that, for its entire six year life in Australia, went as well as it looked and provided Kawasaki race-rep fans with a class alternative to the GSX-R or the pricey Honda RC30.

HISTORY
Back in 1988 the special K factory decided that the 16-valve, liquid-cooled, in-line four residing in the dull, but far from pedestrian GPX750 would realise far more of its potential slotted between a new twin-spar alloy chassis with some trick suspenders, and a new sharper look. And so it was in 1989 the ZXR was born.

Having had a bit of judicious tuning, the 748cc ZXR, making about 95PS, emerged blinking into the daylight wearing a bank of four 36mm Keihins fed by a pair of trick looking inlets in the fairing.

Suspension was attended to by conventional forks adjustable for preload and rebound at the front, and a Uni-Trak monoshock, adjustable for preload and rebound damping at the rear. Wheelbase was a short 1410mm, with castor and trail set at 24.5° and 100mm.

Clothed in green, white and blue or red and black it was a visual king hit.

1990 saw an H2 version with a swag of changes that included carb size growing to 38mm. Wheelbase gained a significant 35mm, while inside the engine there were longer conrods and shorter pistons to extract a bit more power. The swingarm was changed and a new, more race style pipe added to the looks.

Strangely, although the wheelbase was now longer, the swingarm struggled to compress the rear suspension resulting in a rock hard ride.

1991 heralded the completely restyled J1 into the arena. Bore and stroke had changed from the previous 68 x 51.5mm to 71 x 47.3mm to produce a capacity of 749cc. USD forks were adjustable for rebound and ride height, the rear shock remained uncompliant, and trail dimensions went down from 100mm to 95mm. Wheelbase shrank again to 1420mm.

Inside the engine, Kawasaki's engineers had hammered the overtime resulting in a mass of changes that improved midrange, but perversely had cut actual peak power. Did it matter? No not really, it was still a very fast machine.

1992 saw little actually change on the J2, other than an attempt at sorting the utterly inappropriate rear shock with softer springing and damping.


1993 saw the much-improved L1 take up duties where the J2 left off. The big news centred around the Ram -Air system, new pistons, cylinder head and cams which boosted midrange and top-end power. Geometry changed yet again with rake and trail now at 25° and 99mm, and the wheelbase measuring 1430mm. Rear suspension, although marginally better, was still crap on anything that didn't have the smoothness of a pool table.

1994 and '95 were years when the ZXR did very little other than change its threads for variations in colours and graphics. Something big was obviously coming from the factory, and 1996 saw the results of all the development done over the ZXR's six years with the ZX-7R, an all new remake of a fantastic bike that tends to get passed by in the search for the latest and therefore greatest.

ON THE ROAD
Lets start with the H1. By today's standards the H1 is a bit of a porker with a top heavy feel to it that makes you realise how far these sorts of bike have come in the last 13 years.

Despite the suspension being hard and fairly unkind to the rider, the chassis does it best to keep things stable right up to its top speed of around 240km/h.

Steering is precise but requires more effort than you'd like to use at the bars, around town this means stressed tendons and an almost psychopathic desire to line up some country roads. Unfortunately just when the urban sprawl ends and the ZXR should be in its element, the rear shock conspires to upset things by refusing to compress enough to absorb anything bigger than a an ant corpse. The result is that the ZXR leaps and hops around on bumpy roads, intimidating rather than accommodating. Still, show the ZXR a fast open sweeper with little for the suspension to do, and the rigid chassis makes corner-carving an almost spiritual experience.

At last the opportunity to spank the motor hard reveals itself and down-shifting for any corner just to hear the exhaust note at 10,000rpm becomes the order of the day.

At a less frenetic pace and in newer company the early ZXR displays a somewhat less than inspiring midrange. It's okay, but it never leaves you thinking 'Heavens to Betsy, what's happened to my arms!'

Brakes are good, and offer reasonable power and feel, which is just as well because the suspension certainly gives the tyre a good workout, especially on the approach to downhill corners.

So why would you buy one? Well, aside from the fact that it's a great looking motorcycle, you don't need to do a great deal to fix the suspension's shortcomings. Once that's taken care of it's gorgeous, and represents a well-finished and affordable alternative to mega-buck new stuff and rewards an expert rider who's prepared to take the time to get to know what it can do.

Jump forward a mere four years from that early bike to the ZXR750-L1 and it has developed into a completely different machine; but strangely the same. Along the way Robbie Phillis has finished third in WSB in 1991, and Scott Russell has taken the ZXR to victory at Daytona in '92, and WSC in 1993.

It's an animal.

Just about everything has changed and the Ram-Air now lends the already compelling induction noise a hollow resonance that starts with a low begging moan, and ends with a climactic shriek that begs you to give it all you can possibly can.

The engine still lacks the bottom-end and mid range of the competition, but the shrieking rush to the top-end as the power crawls out of the dip at 7-8000rpm is the reason why you buy a ZXR. That and the wonderfully balanced feel the bike has.


At a track day you'd shake your head in amazement that a bike that's almost 10 years old can be this composed. Steering is now corner stabbing sharp, and turning while hanging late on the four-piston Tokico brakes is the ZXR's stiletto up the sleeve. Just about every journo has written superlatives about the ZXR'S front-end control, and they're right, it's good.

The gearbox is a pretty clunky device but dependable, perfectly in keeping with the rough-neck engine's riot-inciting behaviour. Sadly though, the suspension, while better, is still too damned hard for back road giggles and, in conjunction with the stretched-out riding position, will have you squeaking your order at the bar and nervously checking the contents of your leathers.

Is it cheap on fuel? Chances are you won't care much, given the nature of the bike, but like its predecessor it's okay. You can expect 200 kms to fill up when you're right up it, and a bit more if you're not. Bottom line here is that the ZXR is a brilliant bike to own and ride if you're a committed sports bike rider who's prepared to sort the suspension, does a few track days and rides well-surfaced roads. Oh yeah, and it looks the bollocks too.

IN THE WORKSHOP
The ZXR750 in all its guises is a tough bike that's quite well made and mechanically resilient to the kind of abuse that it gets. (Anyone that says they've never thrashed it should be eyed with a great deal of suspicion.) Given that the engine is a tough unit with a good reputation, let's have look at what you'll need to be aware of when buying one.

Because no-one buys a ZXR to just potter about, rev the bike at stationary and look for smoke on the over-run, which'll be a sure sign that it's been rung out from cold or with the front wheel higher than head height. Also the gearbox - anyone can do a mono in first gear, but getting from there into second and beyond can be a little more challenging. As a result second gear can take a hammering, so be sure to load up at low revs and then rev it out in second to make sure that it doesn't jump out of gear.

Check the steering head bearings for play from cack-handed mono landings, and look for cracks in the fairing brackets from accident damage.

Make sure the rear shock hasn't been adjusted with tools other than with proper C spanner and look for general signs of abuse and butchery all around the bike. After that look at all the bits that touch down in a crash, as these babies tend to get lobbed by those unable to control the wayward behaviour of the rear shock on a bumpy road. As far as servicing goes there are no nasty surprises.

MODIFICATIONS
Well it's got to be that shock hasn't it? The secret to eternal ZXR happiness lies in that one change. See your local suspension expert for advice. After that a pipe, jet kit and air filter will liberate a few horses, but most importantly will sharpen throttle response. Personally I'd leave the pipe unless I'd damaged the original and had to have an aftermarket job, the standard noise is intoxicating and legal. You know it makes sense!

WHICH ONE?
The early ones were classically lovely, but for me it's got to be an L1-L2-L3 in Kawasaki green.

Source Bikepoint

Review

You have to admire Kawasaki's humility. They have what is probably the second best bike in the world; they improve it considerably; they modestly shy away from perfection by continuing to use the most awkWard fuel tap known to man.

Everyone must be tired of hearing about the J's rear suspension by now; the handling and ride position were superb; its engine had an enormous midrange and an indifferent top end.

Most of that is changed. A new rocker linkage makes the ride as smooth and slinky as something which I suspect I'm not allowed to mention. Or even know about, come to that. The steering and handling are still superb, the more so in the knowledge that you are no longer likely to be kicked out of the seat at a mere millisecond's notice. The midrange has been traded for a powerful top end, leaving a fairly lumpy torque curve in its place. The result is a top speed approaching 160mph but standing starts which are worse than before, and everything in between is in between.

Like most other Kawasaki four-strokes, the ZXR is a bit cold-blooded when it is first fired up. It races on choke and the fast idle is not easy to control. Many riders complain about this, but I would have thought that if the carburation was clean and crisp when the motor was fully warmed, you'd expect it to be obnoxious when it was stone cold, so in a way this might be a good sign.

For normal riding the motor is perfectly flexible, not as strong in top gear as the Jl but not exactly limp wristed either. Getting away briskly is no problem. Finding the absolute best drive is. Give it too much and the short, light bike wheelies. Give it less and it bogs down. Somewhere between the two there is a perfect, clean launch but on an unenthusiastically cold day at Bruntingthorpe the best I could find was an 11.56-second standing quarter, a tenth of a second worse than last year's J, all lost in the first fifty yards. Later, I was surprised to find that the computer agreed, in fact it thought the initial acceleration would be even worse. It reckoned the 157mph top speed was about right.

They've made it as fast as the GSX-R and ironically they have made it nearly as heavy, where once the ZXR had a 13kg advantage.

But the Suzuki, with less torque (and presumably lower gearing) gets better drive, You'd only notice it at a drag strip, though. Once moving, the ZXR feels stronger and longer legged, happier to pull top gear for sudden overtaking, equally happy to buzz down through the gears for serious acceleration.

Where the ZXR really scores, is still the same as the J: the combination of riding position, steering and handling is perfect. It is not only ideal for shifting your weight from footrest to footrest when flicking through tight chicanes, it is just right for finding maximum traction in fast corners, slow corners and wet corners. It feels right in all conditions, it's even comfortable on long motorway journeys.

Kawasaki say they have changed this aspect slightly. Euro-spec bikes have fractionally slower geometry and a taller seat height, but to be honest, I couldn't feel the difference. Except over the office steps, which our J clears with inches to spare and upon which the L scraped its bellypan. I suspect that there are two reasons why the handling didn't seem noticeably different. One, when the frame is stiff and the riding position is good, small changes in geometry and suspension settings aren't critical. Two, the bike was more limited by its tyres — Sportmaxes — which are very stable and seem to wear quite well, but are not as good in other respects as the Bridgestone, Michelin and Metzeler alternatives, especially on cold, December tarmac.

In the wet, the Dunlops gave a reassuringly steady feel and the braking was nicely balanced for all conditions. On slippery roads, the tiny rear brake has just enough bite to be useful without being a liability. On dry roads the front has so much power that it can lift the back of the bike, so the rear brake becomes unnecessary.

Again, the riding position lets you make the most of whatever grip is going. It is easy to shift weight quickly and it becomes automatic to move around, feeling for maximum traction. It is more than just the dimensions between footrest, seat and handlebar, the shape of the seat and tank also contribute. There are small changes here, too. The tank and under-seat layout are different, to accommodate the new intake arrangement. There are subtle changes to the bodywork, too, mostly making it easier to remove and replace. Kawasaki say the aerodynamics are better, which may be true because the flat-on-the-tank top speed was 8.5mph better than the J2 (May '92 issue) while the sitting-up maximum was only 4.5mph better. So if 5mph is due to more power, the remaining 3 or 4mph is probably due to a reduction in drag. The snag is that in normal riding there seemed to be more wind buffeting at shoulder height compared to the J.

Other real world performance includes 40 to 45mpg, which gave a too-short 120-mile tank range before reserve and the useless, bordering on dangerous, reserve tap. The only saving grace is that you could usually feel the motor leaning off half a mile before running on to reserve, but that didn't stop it happening in the middle of a greasy roundabout or somewhere equally embarrassing.

A couple of other design errors appeared. The J would cheerfully knock out the rear wheel cush drive between services and the L was showing half an inch of play after 1000 miles. And they may have found an extra 15mm of rear wheel travel but when front and rear suspension bottoms, the bellypan now hits the floor. Misjudging a hump-back bridge could become an expensive mistake, as Simon has recently discovered.

I think they could afford to rectify a few of these imperfections without offending too many gods, but at least they have pitched the price in the right place. At £6300 it is level with the GSX-R and well ahead of the CBR900 and the YZF — which I see as its closest competitors. And for £6020 you can still buy the J2, leaving enough change for a rear suspension rocker and a very good

Facts

Another 8 or 9 horsepower and suspension that actually works... just what the ZXR needed. And we can smugly point out that KHI have done almost exactly what we did to our long-term test J1 (as a matter of fact, ours is 3mph quicker and has a fuel tap which works in a more ergonomic way). the engine gets K cams and new pistons which take the compression up to 11.5:1 from the original 10.8. When we were playing with the J1 on TTS's dyno we found that we needed to get it burning properly before it would respond fully to other steps like changing the cams or the exhaust system. We did it by increasing the squish band, raising the compression and advancing the ignition timing by a fairly arbitrary 4°. The factory had rather more choice in the matter and the new pistons are accompanied by a head redesign which gives more compact chambers and more valve area.

They did this by reducing the included angle between the valves, down to 20°, which is the usual way to improve combustion chambers. It makes an interesting comparison with the YZF (see page 50) in which Yamaha say they've increased the angle between the valves. I suspect that they had a different motive — with the cams operating the valves directly through buckets and shims, a steeper valve angle makes the engine taller, which was the last thing Yamaha wanted to do. Having tipped the cylinder block upwards to suit the shorter frame, they needed to minimize height in order to keep the bike's frontal area as low as possible.

Kawasaki operate their valves through a neat finger rocker which slides to one side so that the adjusting shims can be changed. It's a bit heavier, but it gives the designer more freedom, it is easy to maintain and it's safe to 14,000.

The valves are 0.5mm bigger, the ports smoother but the carbs stay the same at 38mm. A digital ignition system has a new advance curve, going up to 50° at 7000rpm, compared to the old one which gave 42.5° at 6200.

Air reaches the carbs by a new route, namely a huge, 12-litre air box which is force fed from the large duct in the front of the fairing. The pressure increase isn't as big as you might think; two or three years ago I helped do some tests on racing OW01 s and even at 170mph the pressure increase was only about 0.5psi. This agrees closely enough with theory and is worth a few per cent more power. However, half a psi is more than enough to seriously screw up the carburation, especially as the full pressure will only be there in top gear; as road speeds drop, the pressure will also drop. In first and second gears it will be negligible.

Any gain is worth having and in this case it may prevent losses. High speed air blasting past the sides of the bike creates low pressure which will bleed air out from inside the fairing, or under the tank and seat area, ie where the air box (or open carbs) normally get their air from. So conventional layouts may experience the opposite effect — decreasing intake pressure as the bike speed goes up. This will reduce power output slightly at high speed and will have just as many bad effects on the carburation.

At least Kawasaki are putting the air exactly where it is needed (helping to improve the aerodynamics generally and reduce internal drag) and they have solved the speed-sensitivity problem by venting the carb float bowls into a carefully chosen part of the air box. The box has one chamber ahead of the frame, a narrowed section where it goes through the frame member and the main box itself. Where the air is travelling slowest — in the biggest part of the box — its pressure will be highest. In the narrow venturi section it will be travelling faster and exerting less pressure. If the effect of increasing air pressure at high speed is to make the carbs lean off, then venting them to a high pressure region would make them richen up again. If the increased air supply makes the mixture go rich, then the vents need to get low pressure to weaken it off.

By far the nicest thing about this induction system is the way it growls when the throttles are opened from the low midrange.

The overall result is 103bhp on the TTS Dynojet, compared to 95bhp for the standard J. It is quite a bumpy curve, suggesting that the fuelling might wander about a bit or, more likely, that the longer duration cams are more sensitive to intake and exhaust resonances and they've deliberately created a mismatch somewhere in order to prop up the midrange. Imagine if whatever created that peak just above 8000 had done its particular business to reinforce the other peak at 10,000: no midrange at all and an immense rush of power that comes in with a smack at 9500. It will be interesting to see what the R version (with 39mm slide carbs) does between 8000 and l1000rpm.

The main change to the chassis is, not unnaturally, to the rear suspension. After reducing the spring rate and the damping force on the J2, they have modified the rocker arm for the L1, in more or less the same proportions as NWS made their linkage for the J. It gives 135mm of wheel travel instead of 120, using the same shock unit. This not only gives some 12% better leverage over the spring but reduces the damper speed by the same amount and as the damper force is proportional to speed-squared, bump damping will be reduced by about 22% for the same amount of wheel travel. The result is a soft, compliant ride that absolutely refuses to buck you out of the seat.

Other changes include reducing the fork diameter down from 43 to 41 mm (to save weight, which is otherwise 10kg up on the J); the swing arm is stiffer and there are gussets on the main frame, behind the headstock. In anticipation of the extra speed, the castor is raked out by half a degree and there is 4mm more trail and 10mm more wheelbase. This only applies to European specs, so you'll need a rest of the world spec bike for racing.

Kawasaki already had the best riding position (see also the YZF report) and they have made the wise move of raising the seat height  by 20mm they say, although it doesn't feel like it and it is nowhere near as high tailed as our J1.

Finally, the exhaust. Still stainless where it emerges from the fairing, still rusty underneath the fairing and the silencer is anodised aluminium coated with a carbon fibre look. Next year: brick pattern wallpaper.

 

 

 

NOTE: Any correction or more information on these motorcycles will kindly be appreciated, Some country's motorcycle specifications can be different to motorcyclespecs.co.za. Confirm with your motorcycle dealer before ordering any parts or spares. Any objections to articles or photos placed on motorcyclespecs.co.za will be removed upon request.  

 Privacy Policy      Contact Me      Links